Bedbugs are tiny, oval, brownish insects that feed on animal or human blood. The flat bodies of adult bedbugs are around the size of an apple seed. Their bodies, on the other hand, swell and turn a reddish color after feeding. While bedbugs cannot fly, they can quickly travel across walls, floors, and ceilings. Over their lifetime, female bedbugs will lay hundreds of eggs, each about the size of a speck of dust.
Nymphs, or immature bedbugs, shed their skins five times before reaching maturity, and each shedding requires a blood meal. The bugs will mature fully in as little as a month under ideal conditions and produce three or more generations per year. Despite their annoyance, they are not believed to spread diseases…
What Are the Best Places to Find Bed Bugs?
Bedbugs can sneak into your home through luggage, clothing, used beds and couches, and other objects. Their flattened bodies give them the ability to squeeze into spaces as small as the width of a credit card. Bedbugs, unlike ants and bees, do not create nests, preferring instead to live in groups in dark areas. Initially, they hide in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards, where they have convenient access to people to bite in the middle of the night.
They can, however, disperse over time, moving into any crevice or safe position in the bedroom. They may also spread to other rooms or apartments in the area.
Since bedbugs are blood-feeding insects, having them in your home is not a sign of filth. They’re just as likely to be found in spotless homes and hotel rooms as they are in dirty ones.
What Happens If Bedbugs Bite You?
Bedbugs are most aggressive at night, and they normally bite people as they sleep. They eat by piercing the skin and sucking blood with their elongated beak. The bugs gorge themselves for three to ten minutes before crawling away unnoticed.
The majority of bedbug bites are painless at first, but grow into itchy welts later. Bedbug bites are everywhere on the skin exposed while sleeping, unlike flea bites, which are often around the ankles. In addition, unlike flea bites, the bites do not have a red spot in the middle.
Welts and itching may be attributed to other reasons, such as mosquitoes, by people who are unaware they have a bedbug infestation. To validate bedbug bites, you must first locate and recognize the insects.
Red, itchy skin bites, usually on the arms or shoulders, are the first symptom of bedbugs. Unlike other insects that leave bites here and there, bedbugs appear to leave straight rows of bites.
People do not seem to be infected by bedbugs. However, the scratching from the bites can be so intense that some people scratch to the point of causing skin breaks that are easily infected. Some people can experience from an allergic reaction as a result of the bites. You could have bedbugs if you wake up with itchy places you didn’t have when you went to sleep, particularly if you bought a used bed or other used furniture around the time the bites began. Other symptoms of bedbug infestation include:
-Blood stains on your sheets or pillowcases
-Dark or rusty bedbug excrement spots on sheets, mattresses, bedclothes, and walls
-An aggressive, musty odor from the bugs’ scent glands in areas where bedbugs hide
-Bedbug feces, egg shells, or shed skins in areas where bedbugs hide
Remove all bedding and inspect it for signs of the bugs or their excrement if you suspect an infestation. Remove the dust cover from the bottom of the box springs to inspect the seams in the wood framing. Remove the fabric from the wood frame where it is stapled.
Also, look around the room, like inside books, phones, and radios, the carpet’s edge, and even electrical outlets. Bedbugs can stick to clothes, so check your closet. Call an exterminator if you’re unsure about bedbug symptoms. They’ll know what to look for. If you see symptoms of an infestation, take action to eliminate the bugs and prevent them from returning.
The first step in getting rid of bedbugs is to clean up the areas where they live. The following should be included:
-Wash bedding, linens, curtains, and clothes in hot water and dry on the highest setting on the dryer. Run stuffed animals, shoes, and other things that can’t be cleaned for 30 minutes on high in the dryer.
-Before vacuuming, clean mattress seams with a stiff brush to remove bedbugs and their nests.
-Vacuum your bed and the space around it on a regular basis. After vacuuming, place the bag of the vacuum cleaner in a plastic bag and dispose of it outside in a garbage can.
-To prevent bedbugs from entering or escaping, cover your mattress and box springs with a tightly woven, zippered cover. Since bedbugs can survive around a year without feeding, keep the cover on your mattress for at least a year to ensure that all bugs are dead.
-Fix plaster cracks and glue down peeling wallpaper to eliminate hiding places for bedbugs.
-Clean up the area around the bed.
-If your mattress is infested, you might want to get rid of it and replace it, but make sure you get rid of bedbugs in your home first, otherwise your new mattress may be infested as well.
Extermination of bedbugs:
Although cleaning up infested areas may help contain bedbugs, chemical treatments are normally needed to eradicate them. Since using insecticides in your bed and bedroom can be dangerous, it’s important to use products that are safe to use in bedrooms. Treat mattresses and bedding only if the label specifies that they should be used on bedding. In most cases, hiring an experienced pest control specialist for bedbug extermination is the best and most efficient choice.